Types of Policies
Insurance companies sell two types of renters policies. They have different amounts of coverage.
- Named-perils policies cover property that’s lost or damaged because of events listed in the policy, such as fire and theft. These policies won’t cover losses caused by events that aren’t listed in the policy. Named-perils policies are also called specified perils policies.
- All-risk policies cover every type of loss, unless the policy excludes it. These policies are more expensive than named-perils policies because they cover more losses. All-risk policies are also called comprehensive or open-perils policies.
All renters policies have a total dollar limit. The dollar limit is the most the insurance company will pay you for a claim, even if the cost to repair or replace your property is higher. Make sure you buy a policy with a high enough dollar limit to replace your property if it’s stolen or destroyed.
A deductible is the amount of a covered claim you pay. For example, if you have $25,000 in damages with a $250 deductible, the insurance company will deduct $250 from the amount it pays you.
Renters Insurance Coverages
Renters insurance policies typically include three types of coverages: personal property coverage, loss of use, and personal liability.
- Personal property coverage pays to repair or replace your personal property, up to your policy’s dollar limit. In addition to a total dollar limit, policies may limit payments for certain kinds of property. Common limits are $100 for cash, $2,500 for personal property used for business, $500 for valuable papers, and $500 for jewelry, watches, and furs.
Renters insurance also covers your luggage and other personal items when you travel. This coverage is usually limited to 10 percent of the amount of your policy or $1,000, whichever is greater.
- Loss of use pays your additional living expenses for things like food and rent if you must temporarily move from your house or apartment. Loss of use coverage is generally limited to 20 percent of a policy’s personal property coverage. For example, if you have $25,000 in personal property coverage, your loss of use coverage would be $5,000.
- Personal liability protects you against a claim or lawsuit if someone is injured in your home. A renters policy typically provides $25,000 in liability coverage and pays your legal costs.
Note: Ask about buying additional coverage if the value of your personal property is more than your coverage limits. People often buy endorsements to add or increase coverage for jewelry, fine arts, antiques, computers, and electronics.
Also consider additional liability coverage if you don’t think the basic limits are high enough. Your company might require higher limits if you have potentially dangerous items like a pool or trampoline.
Actual Cash Value vs. Replacement Cost Coverage
Renters policies usually pay for losses on an actual cash value basis. This means the insurance company will subtract an amount for depreciation and wear and tear from the value of your property before paying your claim. For example, if someone steals your five-year-old television, the insurance company will only pay you the cost of the television minus the depreciation and your deductible. The settlement amount won’t be enough to buy a new TV similar to the one that was stolen.
For a higher premium, you can buy replacement cost coverage. Replacement cost coverage pays what it would cost to replace your property, minus your deductible and up to your policy’s dollar limit. This coverage could provide you with enough money to buy a new TV like the one that was stolen.
If you have replacement cost coverage, some policies will pay up to $1,500 to repair or replace your damaged property, without applying depreciation. However, if the damage exceeds $1,500, the company will pay the loss on an actual cash value basis. You must then repair or replace the property with an item of like kind and quality before the company will pay the remaining amount of your claim.
Other policies pay replacement cost differently. Read your policy or ask your agent to find out how your policy pays a claim.
Note: A complete inventory of your personal property can be helpful if you ever file a claim. Your inventory should list each item, its purchase date, value, and serial number. Take pictures or a video of each room, including closets, open drawers, storage buildings, and garage. Keep the inventory and receipts for major items in a fireproof place or another location. Use the Texas Department of Insurance’s Home Inventory Checklist to help you create your inventory.